Response to Garcia et al, “Psychology of Competition: A Social Comparison Perspective”

Competitiveness is a human trait motivated by limited resources and the desire for control among individuals and groups. At present, antagonism reflects as a clamour for job promotions, corporate gains, and social media perceptions, among others. Continuous interactions between people based on cooperative and competitive interests spur society’s growth. However, certain scholars perceive competition as motivated by evolutionary biology, natural selection, and groups differentiation through social habits, institutions, and norms. Game theory iterations reveal that people choose cooperation or competition based on the expectation of future scenarios. Therefore, competitiveness is an outcome of conditions that entail the interaction among personal aspects, external situations, and social categorization.

Workplace promotions, corporate profits, inventions, and social media rankings illustrate situational and personal factors that compel people to seek competitive advantages. Garcia, Tor & Schiff (2013) assert that individual aspects such as similarity among rivals combine with situational factors including incentive and prospective outlook to spur social comparison and competitiveness. Competition can occur when external conditions and internal factors merge with salient social categories forming the motivational base. Molina, Lubbers, Valenzuela-García & Gómez-Mestres (2017) opined that altruistic cooperation facilitates effective competition as groups pursue their aims and individuals seek to maintain relevance within them. According to both texts, primitive groups, peasant communities, and modern society reflect individuals’ proclivity to seek conditions that exceed their contemporaries’. Competitive behaviour emanates from external conditions and personal ambitions for control and power.

In conclusion, competition among people is based on personal inclinations and situational factors that influence behaviour. Anthropological evidence reveals that rivalry has existed alongside cooperation and aided communities to maintain their presence. Suffice to say, emphasis on food-sharing, agonistic institutions, and collaborative activities among foraging societies reduced individuals’ ability to destroy social fabrics. The post by Cheryl25899 is an accurate reflection of people’s competitive nature as expressed through online posting of digital images and impression management. In the future, scholarly studies should incorporate game theory techniques such as Nash equilibrium to establish efficient modes of antagonism based on potential gains. Either way, competitive behaviour thrives amid personal motivations, context, and salient social categorization.

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