Psychology of Competition: How Garcia delivers the argument

Garcia makes the claim of causation that is supported by the claim of fact by defining the individual factors and the situational factors and how those relate to the increase in competition within society among individuals. 

This article is more like an analytical paper that illustrate the function of individuals factors and situational factors and apply them into actors within comparative society from phycological point of view, rather than proposing the own position against certain opinions (just like Hutcheon claim that the competition leads society to wolfish state so that we should stop and cooperate). The paper analyzes and synthesizes “competition” by interpreting individual factors and situational factors while relate them to how those factors lead people to competitive mental set. Also, what is different from rest of the article we read in previous weeks is that the main purpose of this article is to clearly clarified; “…suggest future directions and lessons for fields within psychology and related disciplines.”(p.635) in both its introduction and conclusion. Garcia imply their research question by stating their purpose instead. Garcia keep saying that the future researches or studies are required for further understanding and for stronger backup of their main argument, that is implicitly proposing some sort of question like “how does the individual factors and situational factors increase the competition among people?” 

The way the analysis done in this research paper is unique, compare to rest of the previous papers, and the argument is divided into small distinct sections; Social comparison is derived from individual factors and situational factors, and individual factors are broke down into personal factors which refers to individual differences and dimension relevance and relational factors which refers to similarity and relationship closeness, and this goes on and on. Moreover, it includes prospective outlook at the end of each section which allows readers to organize the contents as a whole, and help them smoothly move to the next section with better understanding of what the section they’ve just read all about.  

As it is published by sage publication on behalf of Association For Psychological Science, and also as the title of the paper “The Psychology of Competition: A Social Comparison Perspective” indicates, it is assumable that this paper is addressing phycologists and related disciplines as it continuously saying that furfure researches are needed in phycology and related paradigm. 


  1. I really enjoyed your response as it gives an in-depth description of the paper. You explain how this papers structure is so far from what we have previously read and I agree. I feel that I much prefer reading these types of articles as like you said they are broken down into sections and have a prospective outlook at the end of each section. I agree by doing this it helps readers organize their thoughts more and thereby understanding the material much more clearly.


  2. I agree with your comment about how unique Garcia’s approaches are. The author applied a fairly scientific model to interpret competition. As you compared with Hutcheon, Garcia applied a less subjective approach towards competition. That is absolutely right. However, I think essays of Garcia and Werron are more comparable because both of their papers are research papers, while Hutcheon’s essay is not. Werron and Garcia viewed competition from two different perspectives. It will be interesting to make comparisons


  3. I like how you pointed out how unique this article is compared to the others, as it speaks to the diverse amount of material that we are covering in this course. The quote that you used in the response is perhaps one of the most relevant, as it states the importance of future work that can be done with this topic. The main point here is that the difference is in the result, here, the authors are not looking for a particular answer to the question, but rather are analyzing, as you stated. I feel that this is affective, as there are many other questions that can be asked with the analyses in this paper.


  4. I like how you have pointed out about the structure of this paper, and how it continues to have a breakdown of its ideas into smaller organized sections. This set up helped me in classifying the information in my mind easier. I agree with you that Garcia seems to be taking a wholistic view about competition, with less of a focus on whether it is good or bad, but more about what are the factors that lead to competitive behaviour in an individual.

    This paper made me feel more comfortable with the idea that we are not necessarily proving anything in the competition good Vs evil debate in these papers, but rather asking questions and seeking more information about it.


Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s