Garcia et.al. makes the claim of causation that is supported by the claim of fact by defining the individual factors and the situational factors and how those relate to the increase in competition within society among individuals.
This article is more like an analytical paper that illustrate the function of individuals factors and situational factors and apply them into actors within comparative society from phycological point of view, rather than proposing the own position against certain opinions (just like Hutcheon claim that the competition leads society to wolfish state so that we should stop and cooperate). The paper analyzes and synthesizes “competition” by interpreting individual factors and situational factors while relate them to how those factors lead people to competitive mental set. Also, what is different from rest of the article we read in previous weeks is that the main purpose of this article is to clearly clarified; “…suggest future directions and lessons for fields within psychology and related disciplines.”(p.635) in both its introduction and conclusion. Garcia et.al. imply their research question by stating their purpose instead. Garcia et.al. keep saying that the future researches or studies are required for further understanding and for stronger backup of their main argument, that is implicitly proposing some sort of question like “how does the individual factors and situational factors increase the competition among people?”
The way the analysis done in this research paper is unique, compare to rest of the previous papers, and the argument is divided into small distinct sections; Social comparison is derived from individual factors and situational factors, and individual factors are broke down into personal factors which refers to individual differences and dimension relevance and relational factors which refers to similarity and relationship closeness, and this goes on and on. Moreover, it includes prospective outlook at the end of each section which allows readers to organize the contents as a whole, and help them smoothly move to the next section with better understanding of what the section they’ve just read all about.
As it is published by sage publication on behalf of Association For Psychological Science, and also as the title of the paper “The Psychology of Competition: A Social Comparison Perspective” indicates, it is assumable that this paper is addressing phycologists and related disciplines as it continuously saying that furfure researches are needed in phycology and related paradigm.