In Werron’s article, he examines the history of how competition is defined and how the definition of competition moved from economics to other fields, such as sociology. Werron’s goal is to determine that competition is very commonly observed in society, and there is a field in sociology that its focus is to study competition. Although Werron seems like to analyze competition from a third-person perspective and he does not explicitly state his opinion about competition, the article does show his attitude towards competition. He compares that competition can favor the audience and bring disadvantages to the audience, and competition can lead to more competitions. Thus, he thinks that competition can bring positive and negative outcomes, and he believes that competition is a social form that exists in individuals, institutions, and systems (ex. governments).
In Bateson’s speech and Hutcheon’s essay, they have a strong argument against competition and they stand from a first-person view as they use “I” and “we/us” mostly. They believe that competition brings harm to individuals and communities. Bateson thinks that competition is everyone works independently while Hutcheon thinks that competition when one tries to disprove others work and proves his/her work is the best. Bateson believes that people should work cooperatively as a team and Hutcheon also believes that people should try to understand others’ work and give out valuable advice for improvement.
Comparing with articles of Bateson, Hutcheon, and Werron, I found Werron’s article is more persuasive because he introduces the history of competition and he explains pros and cons of competition with a lot of references (a literature review). Because he includes variety of aspects, I think he is fair and not biased.