Reading Response -Werron, Bateson & Hutcheon Comparison

In Werron’s article, he examines the history of how competition is defined and how the definition of competition moved from economics to other fields, such as sociology. Werron’s goal is to determine that competition is very commonly observed in society, and there is a field in sociology that its focus is to study competition. Although Werron seems like to analyze competition from a third-person perspective and he does not explicitly state his opinion about competition, the article does show his attitude towards competition. He compares that competition can favor the audience and bring disadvantages to the audience, and competition can lead to more competitions. Thus, he thinks that competition can bring positive and negative outcomes, and he believes that competition is a social form that exists in individuals, institutions, and systems (ex. governments).

In Bateson’s speech and Hutcheon’s essay, they have a strong argument against competition and they stand from a first-person view as they use “I” and “we/us” mostly. They believe that competition brings harm to individuals and communities. Bateson thinks that competition is everyone works independently while Hutcheon thinks that competition when one tries to disprove others work and proves his/her work is the best. Bateson believes that people should work cooperatively as a team and Hutcheon also believes that people should try to understand others’ work and give out valuable advice for improvement.

Comparing with articles of Bateson, Hutcheon, and Werron, I found Werron’s article is more persuasive because he introduces the history of competition and he explains pros and cons of competition with a lot of references (a literature review). Because he includes variety of aspects, I think he is fair and not biased.



  1. Hello!
    I believe that you did a very good job on your post, but I do have a few questions for you that arose from reading it.

    You mention that Bateson and Hutcheon both had very strong arguments, but ultimately decide that Werron’s was more persuasive. Although you do give a reason for this statement, I was wondering if you thought that Bateson and Hutcheon’s were also persuasive. Are strong arguments naturally persuasive as well, and does a convincing argument have to be naturally strong and good?

    Lastly, in your conclusion, you state that you believe Werron was more fair and less biased in his article, but in your introductory paragraph, state that the article shows his overall attitude to competition. Therefore, I was wondering what the difference is between having an attitude and having a bias towards something?

    I look forward to hearing your response!


  2. Hi!
    Thank you for commenting on my post.

    What I meant about a strong argument was not a convincing argument but an expression that Bateson and Hutcheon all chose a side (interdependence and counter-discourse) to argue against the other side. (should’ve made it clear in my post…)

    Being biased is preferring or against one side than the other. Although there is a purpose for Werron to write this article, he objectively discusses the good and bad sides of having a competition, and how competition is not just in economics but a social form. I think this is his attitude toward competition.

    I hope that I answered your questions!


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